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What You Need to Know Before Updating to MacOS Catalina 10.15

Apple Store 5th Ave 9/2019

The newly renovated Apple Store, 5th Ave, New York City 9/21/2019 © Andrew Darlow

I chose the photo above because it fits in with the topic I’m discussing today. I photographed it with an iPhone 11 Pro using the Panoramic mode. Click on the image to view it about four times larger (I did some perspective correction in Photoshop to straighten the buildings, and boosted the saturation a bit).

WHY I’M RINGING THE ALARM BELLS ABOUT 10.15 CATALINA

There’s a new operating system, named macOS Catalina (10.15), coming very soon (potentially as early as October 4, 2019 according to This Article) to millions of Apple Macintosh users with computers that were produced recently enough (or that have sufficient hardware specs) to run it (this Wikipedia article has a list of the specific models). Normally, I would not be sounding any alarm bells about this, but this is a different situation. Many people get into the habit of just clicking on “update” or have their computers set to automatically update to the latest operating system. But I would be very careful about doing that this time. The reason is that macOS Catalina (10.15) will only run 64-bit apps, and there is a VERY GOOD CHANCE that some or many of the apps you have on your Mac are 32-bit apps. Those applications will stop working if you upgrade. 

SO WHAT SHOULD YOU DO?

1. The main thing to do is to not automatically approve the upgrade if you are invited via a pop-up message to do so until you are ready. I personally will be waiting at least a few months on my main machine (maybe even a year or more) to upgrade.

2. The next thing you can do is turn off all automatic updates for your current Operating System. For example, I am on macOS Mojave (10.14), so I went to System Preferences>Software Update (located in the 3rd Row in the default configuration), and made sure that “Automatically keep my Mac up to date” was unchecked. See below for what that screen looks like. I then clicked on the “Advanced” button and kept “check for updates” checked, but unchecked everything else. With all that said, I would set a reminder to see what updates are available for your computer if you turn off the “Install system data files and security updates.” Checking that item Will Not update your software to a new operating system like macOS Catalina.

3. If and when you do upgrade, I recommend having two backups of your existing system (a Time Machine backup plus a Clone of your system on an external drive).

Software update screen

Software update screenshots

WHAT IF YOU ARE NOT RUNNING MOJAVE (10.4)?

If you are not running Mojave (Sierra (10.12) or High Sierra (10.3), for example), it’s a bit more complicated. You can find it Software Update under “About this Mac” and then “Software Update”. You can also read about how to upgrade (or avoid turning on auto updates) on THIS PAGE.

RELATED ARTICLES & PODCASTS

On a related note, This is An Excellent Article with a comprehensive overview of what’s in macOS Catalina, and how many things will be changing on your Mac (bye bye iTunes, for example!).

And I thought you may like to listen to This Episode of Connected, one of my favorite podcasts about all things related to Apple Computer, the Mac and iOS (you can even adjust the speed of the playback). If you’d like to cut to the chase, you can skip to 52:32 (you can move the playhead back and forth near the top of the page) to just listen to the section about macOS Catalina, including their suggestion to install an app called Go64 (You Can Find It Here) that will quickly tell you which of your applications on your Mac are 32 vs 64 bit. There are other items called “Kernel Extensions” that are changing, which is quite geeky, but it’s an important change.

If you listen to the beginning of the show, you will hear that the co-founders of the company who produces the podcast (Relay FM) recently helped raise over $300,000 for childhood cancer research by doing a focused fundraising campaign for St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital. Relay FM has more than 20 shows, and their hosts and listeners were very generous in their support. I learned that no family has to pay for the treatment that they receive at St. Jude Children’s Hospital, and I was a bit shocked to learn that the average treatment for a child with leukemia is about $200,000.

I also learned from doing some online research that in the 1950s, nearly all children with leukemia passed away, but today, the survival rate is about 75% thanks to the work of research hospitals like St. Jude. Here’s a link to a six hour “podcast-a-thon” that helped them a lot to reach that goal. They are the same people that you will hear on the podcast and their names are Stephen Hackett and Myke Hurley. Stephen Hackett’s son was a patient at St. Jude’s and you can read about his family’s story HERE. You will also hear a gentleman on the podcast named Federico Viticci, who runs a fantastic site called MacStories.net.

MY 40 DAY EMAIL CHALLENGE IS IN FULL GEAR!

If you are not currently receiving my preferred email news and tips, I welcome you to subscribe HERE. You will instantly receive an e-book with 25 pages from my award-winning photo tips book, Focus & Filter, as well as some Lightroom videos. I’m also in the middle of a 40 Day Challenge in which I’ve been sharing tips and advice on many topics, including inkjet printing, portrait photography, travel and much more. I hope to see you there!

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An In-Person Look at Epson’s SureColor P9570 44-Inch Printer, Plus Print Quality and the 24-Inch SureColor P7570

photo of the 24-inch Epson SureColor P7570 and 44-inch Epson SureColor P9570 wide-format pigment inkjet printers

The 24-inch Epson SureColor P7570 and 44-inch Epson SureColor P9570 wide-format pigment inkjet printers – Images courtesy Epson America, Inc.

Whenever a new high-end inkjet printer is released, I am excited to learn more about it and share the news with the world. It’s still amazing to me that humans have created machines that can transform an image from a screen into a piece of artwork on a wide range of different media in just a few minutes.

On October 1, 2019, Epson formally announced two new wide-format printers: the 24-inch Epson SureColor P7570 and 44-inch SureColor P9570I saw quite a few print samples from one of the printers and saw the SureColor P9570 up close at a press briefing a few months ago. I was extremely impressed by the detail, color saturation and especially the increase in density of the black that’s possible on semi-gloss and glossy papers using the new print mode described in the feature list below. Prints on matte paper were equally stunning, both in color and monotone.

Some of the features of both printers are as follows:

• A new 2.6″ PrecisionCore® printhead, with speeds up to 2.4 times faster than Epson’s previous generation of wide-format printers (that would include the SureColor P7000 and P9000);
• A calibrated LED light inside the area where the head moves back and forth (you can now put your flashlight away!);
• The ability to cover 99 percent of the PANTONE® FORMULA GUIDE solid-coated standard;
• A new print mode called “Black Enhanced Overcoat” that helps create a higher DMAX in the dark areas on semi-gloss, glossy and metallic papers. Here is some text about it from the company’s press materials: “Black Enhanced Overcoat delivers improved DMAX for a wider contrast ratio, excellent black density, outstanding clarity, improved sharpness, and reduced gloss differential on glossy and metallic media.”;
• 12 ink channels with an updated pigment ink (UltraChrome® PRO12), including a violet ink that helps to expand the color gamut; and wait for it…;
• Dedicated channels for matte and photo black! In other words, there is no need to swap between the black inks to optimize the black ink density on matte and glossy/semi-gloss papers.

The last one is a big deal, and something that I always hope for when a new pigment ink printer is released (from any company). I never like waiting for the switch to happen, and I especially don’t like wasting ink (even though it’s a relatively small amount).

Estimated pricing of the SureColor P7570 (24-inch-wide) and P9570 (44-inch-wide)  printers will be $4,695 MSRP and $6,595 MSRP, respectively, and they will start shipping in December of 2019.

To see all the specs for the new printers, including estimated print speeds, and much more, visit THIS PAGE. I was told that the previous generation of wide-format printers will continue to be sold, but I would ask your dealer or contact Epson regarding exactly which models are going to be available for the foreseeable future.

MY 40 DAY EMAIL CHALLENGE IS IN FULL GEAR!

If you are not currently receiving my preferred email news and tips, I welcome you to subscribe HERE. You will instantly receive an e-book with 25 pages from my award-winning photo tips book, Focus & Filter, as well as some Lightroom videos. I’m also in the middle of a 40 Day Challenge in which I’ve been sharing tips and advice on many topics, including inkjet printing, portrait photography, travel and much more. I hope to see you there!

GRAB THIS BUNDLE AT 96% OFF BEFORE IT ENDS ON 10/8 at NOON PST!

For the last four years or so I’ve purchased this bundle, and for the last two years I’ve been a partner because I believe so much in what the folks at 5 Day Deal do each year. You can save up to 96% on the Photography Bundle 2019 while helping raise hundreds of thousands for charity. The bundle is just $89 for over $2800 in video tutorials, eBooks and digital tools and much more. The opportunity to pick up this bundle ENDS TODAY (NOON PST Tues 10/8). Also Included: Skylum’s AURORA HDR 2019 (a $99 value). GRAB THE BUNDLE NOW and Take Your Skills to the NEXT LEVEL!

Alien Skin Software Exposure X4 and X4.5 Overview and Link to Free Trial

It’s truly an amazing time to be a photographer. There is no shortage of incredible tools to edit just about any scanned or digitally-captured image, whether it be a Raw file or many other file types. In September of 2018 I posted an overview of Alien Skin Exposure X3 as well as some of the new features that were coming to Exposure X4. You can find that article here. Recently, the company released Exposure X4.

I was impressed then with the speed and feature set of Exposure X3, and I’m even more impressed now with Exposure X4.5. There are many effects in the application/plug-in that just can’t be found on other non-destructive image editors.

A screenshot showing an image with two LUT (Look up Table) options. LUTs are a new feature in Exposure X4.5. Image courtesy Alien Skin Software

Some of the things that stand out for me in Exposure X4 and X4.5 are as follows:

LUTs: (short for Look-Up Tables) are small files that allow you to apply certain “looks” or color grading non-destructively to your images inside of Exposure X4. This is an excellent article on the topic that shows a number of examples, with a link to some free downloadable LUTs from Lutify.me.

Preset thumbnails: (allow you to see and apply many different effects, such as film simulations), are able to be resized by dragging the panel where they are located. This is extremely helpful when choosing different looks. Like all of the panels, you can even customize where they are located.

Hovering effect for presets is very fast (I tested it on a 2013 MacBook Pro with an i7 Processor). This feature allows you to hover your mouse over a preset, and the image in the center window will temporarily apply that preset, making it very fast and easy to test out different looks.

The “IR” tools are nothing short of amazing. This tool allows you to create different types of “glow effects” that simulate the look of infrared (or you can use them to just add a softer look) in your images. As they say, you have to see it to believe it!

The Bokeh tool (used to create creative blur effects) could be an application all by itself. It’s just mind-blowing.

• Tethered Shooting and Non-destructive Layers: Here is a link to a tutorial that shows some of what Exposure X4.5 can do, especially when put in the hands of a skilled image maker:

User Configurable Keyboard Shortcuts, including one option that makes it easier for Lightroom users to either use Exposure X4.5 as an additional editing tool (standalone or as a plug-in), or for those who want to make the transition from Lightroom Classic to Alien Skin Exposure X4.5.

And here are a few of the newest features that have been added to Exposure X4.5 (from the company’s press materials)

  • LUT (Look up Table) Support;
  • Additional freely moveable light leak overlays, including the new categories of Lens Flare and Haze;
  • Collection membership now appears the Metadata panel, enabling photographers to see a full list of the collections a photo belongs to
  • Support for additional cameras and lenses from a number of manufacturers:
    • Fujifilm
    • Leica
    • Panasonic
    • Nikon
    • Sony
    • Olympus
    • Canon
    • DJI
  • User-requested workflow refinements that include new photo sizing options when exporting, new keyboard shortcuts;
  • Configurable keyboard shortcuts (I also mentioned this above, but here’s a link to an excellent overview of the feature); and
  • Copy Photos from Card tool adds visual browsing and selection of files to be copied.

MODIFYING KEYBOARD SHORTCUTS – A Real World Example

I try to use keyboard shortcuts whenever possible to save time, and two that I constantly use in Lightroom are the “-” and “=” keys to make thumbnails larger or smaller in the Library Module. With that in mind, I was able to change the default keyboard shortcut in Exposure X4.5 for those keys (they were previously assigned to “Toggle Pick Flag” and “Toggle Reject Flag”. Now the keyboard shortcuts match between both applications.

NEW VISUAL BROWSING OPTION FOR CARD IMPORTS

I found the new visual browsing option when copying photos from a card to be very well designed and easy to use. The thumbnails can be made quite large (almost full screen if you like), which is great for quickly making selections. Here’s what it looks like (click on image to see it larger):

The card import dialog box in Alien Skin Exposure X4.5

TUTORIALS

A screenshot from the tutorials page for Exposure X4.5

Alien Skin Software has an excellent collection of tutorials to help anyone get started or hone their skills with their applications. Here is a link to the tutorial page for Exposure X4.5, and here is a link to their YouTube channel.

I would be remiss not to include at at least one screen shot from my testing. I praised this feature in my review of Alien Skin Exposure X3, but this tool never ceases to amaze me. It’s the Overlays panel, and if you like the idea of being able to create a wide variety of custom borders for your images, I would reserve a few hours for yourself to dig in and enjoy!

One of my photos being edited in the Overlays panel. Photo © Andrew Darlow

EXPOSURE X4.5 PRICING and 30 DAY FREE TRIAL

Alien Skin Exposure X4.5 is free to all owners of Exposure X4, and is available in two configurations for Mac and Windows OS:

Exposure X4 (US $119). I should note that this is a $30 savings compared with the previous price of Exposure X3.

• Exposure X4 Bundle (US $149), a $50 savings compared with the previous Exposure X3 bundle. It includes Exposure X4, Snap Art, and Blow Up. As I noted in my other article, Blow Up is an amazing application that can enlarge your images quite a bit while retaining good detail and minimal or no visible artifacts. Snap Art’s forte is transforming photos or other artwork in many different ways. Effects include many different looks, including pastel, oil painting and watercolor. For more on Snap Art, visit this page, or see the the video below:

and here is a quick video overview of Exposure X4:

Re: upgrades, the cost to upgrade from previous versions of Exposure to Exposure X4.5 is $79. The company also frequently releases updates to support the raw files of new cameras, make bug fixes, etc.

I highly recommend downloading a copy of Alien Skin Exposure X4.5 and giving it a test drive. Even if you are happy with your current Raw processing app or other image editor, you may find that some of the tools are well worth the cost of the application. If you’d like to try out  Exposure X4.5 for free for 30 days, visit this page.